Medicine is well known that exercise in water improves heart, lung, and the state of muscular and nervous systems, but also has many other positive effects on the human body. It can be used both for relaxation and comfort, and to increase muscle mass or for the rehabilitation of the musculoskeletal and nervous system. In addition, water gymnastics helps to prevent many diseases in the elderly, slowing down the aging process.
Using water as a therapeutic agent has its origins in ancient Greece and is known by Hippocrates in 460 BC Since this method of treatment – exercise in water has spread around the world. Many scientific works in sports medicine, balneology and confirmed its good to impact on the health of patients with various diseases and injuries.
In a recent study by the University of Sao Paulo (Brazil), compared the efficacy of exercise performed in water and in the gym in the elderly. The results of his demonstrated that exposure of aquatic exercises much more effective. The experiment involved women, usually leading a sedentary lifestyle. Sport activities were carried out for 12 weeks in two groups – in water and in the hall. In the subsequent analysis of indicators of body weight, heart rate, flexibility sustavav, the elasticity of ligaments and muscles were similar in both groups. But the performance of the cardiovascular system and neuro-muscular system in the elderly women who had a cycle of water gimnatiki were significantly better than those engaged in regular exercises in the gym.
Akvagim (water gimnatika) – a type of water fitness, which aims to tonifikatsiyu muscles with repetitive movements and work with a variety of sports material, such as balls, dumbbells, with boards.
Akvagim moves into the aquatic environment, many exercises that are usually done in the hall, but also uses the healing properties of water. Water gymnastics is held in the pool, usually at a depth of 1.2-1.5 m, although there may be options. The most adequate water temperatures for employment – 28-31 º.
Exercise in water significantly improve health and physical development of people involved in it, but in addition also allow you to learn the various techniques of swimming. In addition, they contribute to the activation of the healing process of injuries of the musculoskeletal system, therefore, used in rehabilitation programs. Water exercises can work with different muscle groups in a particular form (repetitive motion – 15-60 times) and alternate exercises for the upper, middle (abdominal) and lower body during one session.
Practitioners akvagim may be in the pool or swim on their feet in it. Exercise can be either soft and gentle, which involved retain support at least one foot or more active – the high jump with a loss of support or a variety of movements during swimming.
What are the advantages over conventional water aerobics exercises in the gym? In water work, and strengthening all muscle groups completely, but this work takes place in the friendly environment and with less stress on the body, so fitness professionals recommend it to the elderly, obese patients, pregnant women, as well as its use in rehabilitation of injuries, chronic sustavav disease and spinal and muscular problems. Exercise in the water – softer and with less stress on joints and bones because of the smaller influence of gravity, which allows them to make longer and more frequent.
In water, the mobility of patients with severe injuries of the musculoskeletal system. Exercise in the water strengthens the respiratory muscles and increase tidal volume of lungs. Patients are usually difficult in the vertical position, can easily do it in the water. Akvagim can prevent falls and possible injuries in older patients. Dear readers, if you’re reading this article on the website of the Embassy is not medicine, it is borrowed it is incompetent. The water pressure enhances venous pressure and venous krovobrascheniya state, facilitating the condition of patients with venous insufficiency. Water exercises develop muscle strength and encourage them, improving the patient’s physical development. Exercising in water is ideal for patients with osteoporosis. In addition, Workout held in warm water, have a calming and relaxing effect.
Much benefit can akvagim pregnant women. Swelling in the legs, excess weight, hemorrhoids and varicose veins of the extremities is better controlled, thanks to a gym. Especially pregnant women need these exercises in the water to unload the spine and reduce back pain. The need for water gymnastics should be evaluated by a doctor, a gynecologist, and held it under the supervision of a fitness instructor. Akvagim calms, can spend the extra calories, improves blood circulation and gives the opportunity to relax in the water of the musculoskeletal system of pregnant women.
These classes are recommended after the 5th month of pregnancy. While they can be used by walking in the water, restorative exercises, exercises to strengthen the muscles of the limbs. Physical activity must always be adapted to the gestation period, and adequate health status of each patient. Activities should include periods of rest and training exercises, breathing and relaxation.